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Russia Country Info

Russian Adoption Program

Russian Superstitions (just for fun!)

Russian Survival Phrases

Russian Etiquette

Russian National Holidays

History & Demographics

The history of Moscow, the capitol of Russia, dates back to the 12th century.  The primary religions observed by the Russian people are  Russian Orthodox and Islam.  Russian is the language used in everyday business and is the primary language taught in school.  The country has fossil fuel reserves as well as plentiful supplies of other minerals and metals, although climatic and geographic issues make it difficult to mine or drill in many areas.  The climate is varied and ranges from cool to hot summers and cold to frigid (arctic) winters, depending on the region.

The orphanages in Russia vary in condition, with most being clean and well-run.  Caregivers are typically hard-working and caring people who do everything they can to raise the children despite a lack of resources.  Most orphanages have a good staff to child ratio and children live in groups with stable caregivers.  It is common for the children’s caregivers to teach them songs and poems at a fairly early age as they play in their groups.

Interesting Facts about Russia
  • The official country name of Russia is The Russian Federation.
  • The Russian Federation came into being after the former Soviet Union disintegrated in 1991, into 15 separate geopolitical entities.
  • Russia is the largest country in the world, stretching over an area of 17.1 million square kilometers. It covers 1/7 of all of the land on earth. Russia also has the longest borders in the world.
  • Russia is a transcontinental country, extending halfway around the northern hemisphere and covering much of eastern and north-eastern Europe and the whole of northern Asia.
  • Because of its vast size Russian climate differs drastically depending on where you are located. Most of Russia experiences a continental climate with distinct periods of warm and cold weather.  Temperatures for Moscow and St. Petersburg range from highs of 32 C in the summer to low – 25 C in winter.
  • Russia has about 145.5 million people.  Eighty percent of Russians reside in Western Russia. Moscow alone has 11 million people and it is the largest city in Europe. St. Petersburg has 5 million inhabitants. Russia is very urban as two-thirds of its population reside in cities. Every fourth Russian is retired. The average age in Russia is 30 years old.  The average family size is three persons. The average life expectancy is a bit lower than in other developed countries, but the gap is narrowing each year.
  • The official language of Russia is Russian and the country’s main religion is Russian Orthodox.
  • There are 221 museums, 2,000 libraries, more than 80 theaters, 100 concert organizations, 45 galleries and 62 cinemas in St. Petersburg alone.
  • St. Petersburg also plays host to as many as 100 cultural and art festivals every year, including 50 international ones.
  • Ladoga Lake in Russia claims the distinction of being the largest lake in Europe. It spreads over 18, 400 sq km and is around 51 m deep.
  • Russia is rich in natural resources, especially oil, natural gas and timber.
  • The administrative divisions in Russia include 21 autonomous republics, 49 oblasts or provinces, six territories (kray), 10 autonomous regions (okrug) and one autonomous oblast.
  • As per the 1993 constitution, Russia has a democratic and federal government system, which stands divided into executive, legislative and judicial branches.
  • In terms of population, Russia is the ninth largest country in the world.
  • Russia is the only country with 12 seas on its territory.
  • There are 100 reserves and 35 national parks in Russia.
Statistics for Russia
Population: 140,702,096 (July 2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 65.94 years
male: 59.19 years
female: 73.1 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.4 children born/woman (2008 est.)
Religions: Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule
GDP – per capita (PPP): $15,800 (2008 est.)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.4%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.2% (2002 census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2006)