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Kyrgyzstan Country Info

General Background

A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Subsequent presidential elections in July 2005 were won overwhelmingly by former prime minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV. Over the next few years, the new president manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for himself. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won re-election in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed. In April 2010, nationwide protests led to the resignation and expulsion of BAKIEV. He was replaced by President Roza OTUNBAEVA who will serve as president until 31 December 2011 according to a presidential decree issued 19 May 2010. Presidential elections are scheduled to be held in October 2011. Continuing concerns include: endemic corruption, poor interethnic relations, and terrorism.

Interesting and Fun Facts about Kyrgyzstan

  • Kyrgyzstan is officially known as ‘ Kyrgyz Republic’.
  • The capital of Kyrgyzstan is Bishkek, which also forms the country’s largest city.
  • The official languages of Kyrgyzstan are Kyrgyz and Russian.
  • Kyrgyzstan became an independent republic in end 1991, when USSR was dissolved.
  • Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Russian, Dungan, Ukrainian and Uygur make up the mian ethnic groups in Kyrgyzstan.
  • The ethnic group of Kyrgyz comprises of traditionally nomadic people, believed to have originally lived in southern Siberia.
  • Majority of the people in Kyrgyzstan are Muslims, followed by Russian Orthodox and others.
  • The currency of Kyrgyzstan is Som (KGS).
  • Kyrgyzstan follows the system of a ‘Republic’.
  • Kyrgyzstan stands dominated by Pamir-Alai and Tien Shan (meaning Heavenly Mountains) mountain ranges.
  • The highest point in Kyrgyzstan is formed by Peak Pobedy (7,439 m).
  • Kyrgyzstan is home to Inylchek Glacier, one of the largest glaciers in the world.
  • Issyk Kul Lake in Kyrgyzstan, also known as ‘ Pearl of Tien Shan’, is one of the largest mountain lakes in the world.
  • An interesting fact about Lake Issyk Kul, meaning “warm sea”, is that it never ever freezes, in spite of being sited in the mountains.
  • Kyrgyzstan shares the Fergana Valley with Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
  • The walnut-fruit forests of Kyrgyzstan are amongst the largest natural walnut forests in the world.
  • Manas – one of the longest epics in the world, tells the story of the migration of the Kyrgyz people under the leadership of Manas.
  • Osh city of Kyrgyzstan, sited in the Fergana Valley, is said to be three thousand years old.
  • Osh city served as an important commercial centre on the Silk Road, the trade route between Europe and China.
  • Fergana Valley has been known for its legendary horses, since the ancient times.
  • Fergana Valley was the birthplace of Akhmed Al Fergani, the famous astronomer from medieval times.
  • The main industries of Kyrgyzstan include small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes and sawn logs.

Population:
5,508,626 (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110

Age structure:
0-14 years: 29.7% (male 822,128/female 789,425)
15-64 years: 64.5% (male 1,717,497/female 1,787,551)
65 years and over: 5.8% (male 123,045/female 192,101) (2010 est.)

Median age:
total: 24.7 years
male: 23.8 years
female: 25.6 years (2010 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.414% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 88

Birth rate:
23.58 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70

Death rate:
6.85 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 144

Net migration rate:
-2.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 180

Urbanization:
Urban population: 36% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:
At birth: 1.053 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 30.25 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 73
male: 35.09 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 25.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 69.74 years
country comparison to the world: 147
male: 65.74 years
female: 73.94 years (2010 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.64 children born/woman (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82

HIV/AIDS:
adult prevalence rate: Less than 0.1% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 120

people living with HIV/AIDS: 4,200 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 125

deaths: Fewer than 200 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110

Nationality:
noun: Kyrgyzstani(s)
adjective: Kyrgyzstani

Ethnic groups:
Kyrgyz 64.9%
Uzbek 13.8%
Russian 12.5%
Dungan 1.1%
Ukrainian 1%
Uighur 1%
other 5.7% (1999 census)

Religions:
Muslim 75%
Russian Orthodox 20%
other 5%

Languages:
Kyrgyz 64.7% (official)
Uzbek 13.6%
Russian 12.5% (official)
Dungun 1%
other 8.2% (1999 census)

Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write.
Total population: 98.7%
male: 99.3%
female: 98.1% (1999 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
Total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2008)

Education expenditures:
6.6% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 29

Kyrgyzstan Adoption